Mainly Macro, building on John Harris’s article Politics can’t heal until politicians stand clear of the revolving door :
Now as an economist I get a lot of stick about my profession failing to predict this crisis. But economists have not been reticent in thinking about how to prevent the next one. The fundamental weakness of the financial sector is the relative absence of capital (equity) compared to other companies. But the adjustments forced on banks since the crisis have been marginal, and certainly not enough to prevent another crisis.
It is natural to ask why. You might think that getting very tough with banks would have been politically popular? Measures could have been phased in to avoid any short term damage to lending. So why have politicians, and the senior civil servants who advise them, been so tentative? (For that matter, why don’t we change the way multinationals are taxed?)
Or if we go to the Eurozone, the decision to stop Greece defaulting in 2010 was the result of fear that the European banking system was too weak to cope. The consequence was crippling austerity for Greece, and bailing out European banks by the back door using Troika loans to Greece. You might think that European politicians would as a result be particularly keen to ensure that this kind of thing would never happen again, but there too action has been very limited.
If we were talking about the United States, the answer to why the financial sector is treated with kid gloves despite the problems it has caused would be obvious: the financial sector provides a huge amount of funding for politicians to spend getting elected/re-elected. In Europe that does not happen so much. But the expectation of financial reward for good behaviour in the form of employment after a politician retires may be just as effective an incentive.
So any distrust that people have in our ruling elite and the political system that supports them is not some irrational form of envy. Politicians retiring to lucrative jobs is not inevitable and largely harmless. It is a form of corruption. It strikes at the heart of why we had a financial crisis which has made almost all of us a great deal poorer, and why little has been done to prevent another. The main beneficiaries of the public’s reaction to economic hardship and elite corruption may be the likes of Donald Trump and Marine Le Pen.